►"Th" is a documentary about thorium, molten salt reactors & nuclear energy. It exists as a YouTube playlist, which I update to always contain the freshest chapter iterations.
► Th01 ("Th" part 1) is a quick thorium summary: Increasing energy demand. Challenges with intermittent power sources. Lack of nuclear innovation. Thorium's relationship to heavy rare earths. The energy density & abundance of thorium.
► Th03 shows Kirk Sorensen on the challenge of solid uranium oxide fuel rods, and the benefits of dissolving nuclear fuel in molten salt instead.
► In Th04, John Kutsch observes nuclear energy's stifled innovation. AP1000 has taken over 20 years from design to market. Computer technology compared to nuclear technology.
► Th05 - Kirk Sorensen recalls watching Carl Sagan's COSMOS as a kid, and again with his own children. Library of Alexandrea's destruction. Energy density of nuclear power as a means of avoiding another regression of human civilization.
► Th06 is the basics of fission. Atomic structure. Proton, neutron & electron. Criticality in a nuclear reactor.
► Th07 covers is issue of Nuclear Waste. Valuable fission products and transuranics are trapped together in spent fuel rods. They key to realizing their value is seperating them from a homogenous mess into distinct categories. Xenon can power NASA's ION engines. Molybdenum is needed to create Technetium-99, for use in many medical diagnostic procedures. Bismuth-213 will revolutionize cancer treatment through alpha-radio-therapy. Dissolving nuclear fuel in molten salts (instead of encasing it in fuel rods) makes harvesting and recycling fission products economically feasible.
► Th08 is Greens vs Nuclear. Prominent environmentalists, climatologists and philanthropists support (or who have recently come to support) the expansion of nuclear power argue it is our most effective means to halt global warming. Robert Stone defends Pandora's Promise. Baroness Worthington and Kirk Sorensen discuss externalities and the dream of a "closed loop" economy.
► Th09 covers Alvin Weinberg's Molten Salt Reactor Experiment . Two prototype molten salt reactors were successfully designed, constructed and operated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The Aircraft Reactor Experiment in 1954 and the Molten-Salt Reactor Experiment 1965-1969. Both used liquid fluoride fuel salts. The MSRE demonstrated fueling with U-233 and U-235. Despite successful operation, the Molten Salt Reactor program was shut down. Aircraft Reactor Experiment & Molten Salt Reactor Experiment remain the only molten salt reactors to have ever operated.
► Th10 reviews past nuclear accidents to see what went wrong. Why were fast reactors created? Why do we slow down neutrons in today's reactors by passing them through moderating material? Liquid water, liquid sodium and liquid salts are all examined as coolants. How can we make the safest nuclear reactor possible?